©2018 by Parsippany Christian School.



General Math (10th-12th Grades): This course is a remedial course for any student lacking the mathematical background to continue in the usual math sequence.  This course reviews basic skills with whole numbers and integers; decimals; rational numbers; percents; statistics and measurement; ratio, proportions, and probability; as well as introductions to algebra and geometry. 

Textbook:  Achieving Proficiency in Mathematics

Consumer Math (10th-12th Grades): This course is a second remedial course for any student lacking the mathematical background to continue in the usual math sequence.  This course reviews basic mathematical skills needed to function in adult daily life in our society.

Textbook:  Consumer Math for Christian Schools

Algebra 1 (9th Grade): Algebra 1 covers typical first-year algebra concepts such as the solution of expressions and equations involving signed numbers, roots, and exponents (positive and negative); the distributive property; addition of like terms; solution of equations in one or more unknown(s); algebraic word problems; the solution and graphs of various functions with an emphasis on linear functions; solution of quadratic equations by factoring; ratios; addition, multiplication, and division of polynomials; substitution; complex fractions; adding and simplifying radical expressions; scientific notation; systems of equations; Pythagorean theorem; calculation of the perimeter, circumference, and area of geometric figures as well as the surface area and volume of geometric solids; statistics; and more. 

Algebra I lays the foundation for Algebra II in 10th grade.

Textbook: Algebra I by Saxon Publishers

Algebra 2 (10th Grade): Algebra 2 covers typical second-year algebra concept. Some topics covered are positive and negative exponents, evaluation of expressions and equations; like terms; the distributive property; multiplication and division of polynomials; graphing linear equations; advanced substitution and elimination to solve a system of equations; slope-intercept method; equation of a line; simplification of radicals; scientific notation; complex fractions; rationalizing the denominator; unit multipliers; sine, cosine, and tangent; direct, inverse, and joint variations; completing the square; imaginary numbers; complex numbers; polar and rectangular coordinates; experimental data; complex roots of quadratic equations; vector addition; scientific calculators; quadratic formula; variable exponents; systems of nonlinear equations; irrational roots; slope formula; distance formula; systems of three equations; linear inequalities and their systems; and parabolas. Algebraic word problems focus on applications in physics, chemistry, and other real-world related problems. As well, some geometric ideas covered are perimeter, area, volume, surface area, sectors, transversals, proportional segments; inscribed angles; Pythagorean theorem; angle relationships; parallel and perpendicular lines; parallelograms; similar triangles; chords; secants; and more. 

Algebra II lays the foundation for both Geometry in 11th grade with basic geometrical principles and for Advanced Mathematics/Pre-Calculus in 12th grade.  

Textbook: Algebra II by Saxon Publishers

Geometry (11th Grade):   This course is intended for those students who have satisfactorily completed Algebra 1. Geometry is taught as a separate course to adequately develop  logical thinking (Euclidean Geometry). Topics covered include: Basics of geometry including patterns, inductive reasoning, basic terms and measure; reasoning and proof including conditional statements about segments and angles; perpendicular and parallel lines; congruent triangles; properties of triangles including perpendiculars and bisectors, medians and altitudes, and inequalities and 1 and 2 triangles; quadrilaterals, including polygons and properties, rhombuses, rectangles, squares, trapezoids, and kites; transformations including reflections, rotations, translations, and glide reflections and compositions; similarity including similar polygons, similar triangles, proportions, and dilations; right triangles and trigonometry including Pythagorean Theorem and its converse, special right triangles such as 45-45-90 and 30-60-90, trigonometric ratios, and vectors; circles; and areas and volumes of various geometric shapes.

Each student develops a Theorem Notebook with the information and formulas from each chapter plus additional information from the teacher. The students use this notebook during testing. (The goal of this class is that the student becomes proficient in using the theorems, not so much that they can memorize them.)

There on two to three paper labs for each chapter.  The student is graded on homework, quizzes, paper labs and chapter tests. There is also a mid-term and a final exam.

Textbook: Geometry, Applying, Reasoning and Measuring by McDougal Littell.

Precalculus 1 (11th [accelerated program] & 12th Grade): This is the fourth course in our college preparatory math sequence.  Students need at least an 86% year average in Algebra 2 and a 79% year average in Geometry to continue to this course.  

This course usually covers lessons 1 – 75, including such topics as real and complex numbers; fractional and radical equations; linear and quadratic equations; word problems of various sorts; systems of  2 or 3 equations or inequalities; trigonometric functions  and equations; exponential and logarithmic functions; factorial notation; summation notation; addition of vectors; a geometry review; angles measured in radians or degrees and conversion between the two forms; conic sections including circles, ellipses, parabolas, and hyperbolas; statistics; and permutations.

Textbook:  Saxon Advanced Math, 2nd ed.

Precalculus 2 (12th Grade ): This is the fifth course in our college preparatory math sequence. Students need at least an 86% year average in Precalculus 1 to continue in this course.  

This second year covers lessons 70 – 125, including a review of the first year course, as well as trigonometric identities; permutations and combinations; matrices and determinants; probability; more on conic sections; arithmetic and geometric progressions; sequences and series; logarithmic inequalities; synthetic division; theorems such as the rational roots theorem, and the upper and lower bound theorems; roots of polynomial equations; and assorted functions and equations.  Any remaining time is used to introduce calculus.

Textbook:  Saxon Advanced Math, 2nd ed.

Accounting for Business and Personal Finance (12th Grade): During the first part of this course, the student is introduced to the basic vocabulary of accounting and learns the nine step accounting cycle for a sole proprietor service business, as well as business banking and payroll.  In part two, the student begins a study of personal finance that includes Biblical teaching on money and right attitudes about money; personal banking; budgeting; credit cards and indebtedness; identity theft; insurance; and taxation from a variety of sources.  During part three, the student is introduced to the ten step accounting cycle of a merchandising corporation; four special journals, including sales, cash receipts, purchases, and cash payments; the combination journal; and the accounts receivable and accounts payable subsidiary ledgers.

Textbook:  Glencoe Accounting – First Year Course, (c. 2007)


Physical World (9th Grade): Physical World is a study in pre-chemistry and pre-physics in preparation for high school chemistry and physics. It emphasizes the theory with minor applications into the mathematical. Some topics covered are the following: science and its relationship to the Bible; the limitations of science; the scientific method; the measurement, properties, and classification of matter; the periodic table, periodic trends, and various types of atoms including their families, models, names, and forces of attraction between those atoms; reactions; solutions; acids; bases; salts; energy; momentum; machines and the distance principle; mechanics including kinetics and dynamics (Newton’s 3 Laws of Motion); fluid mechanics; gas laws; heat and temperature; electricity; magnetism; vibrations; sound; and light and the electromagnetic spectrum. 

In pre-physics (2nd semester), the nature of the topics allows the class to become more hands on.  The teacher comes along side the student participating with learning rather than too much instruction and/or lecturing.  Therefore the student is required to work independently for most class preparation.  Lab classes now become very intense and involved. Students must learn the concept and now figure out how to conduct the experiment. Post-lab is now used by the students to discuss the lab and why they got the results that they did.  The students are  tested on concepts and understanding them. The students are required to complete one Power Point presentation. This is a test grade.

Being pre-chemistry and pre-physics, this course lays the founadational principles which will be expanded and deepened in chemistry and physics.

Textbook: The Physical World: An Introduction to Physical Science by BJU Press   

Biology (10th Grade): 

This course requires the student to complete many varied assignments: anatomical and specimen drawing notebook, Leaf Notebook, Botany notebook, complex dissections, genetic punnet square and pedigree charts, and writings on microbiology. 

This class does require more lecture time.  Students develop a notebook with this information.  The text book is used more as a reference than page by page coverage. Many labs require pre-lab preparation.  This can be hands on or research.  Students are quizzed on the drawings and tested on concepts and the ability to be able to use the information.    

Textbook: Biology for Christian Schools by BJU. 

Chemistry (11th Grade): Chemistry is an advanced study in chemistry with an emphasis on mastering the mathematical formulas and calculations behind the theory. Thus, it has Algebra II as a pre-requisite. Some topics covered are the following: the scientific method; composition and classification of matter; conservation of energy; reporting measurements; problem solving; Quantum model of the atom; electron arrangement; the periodic table; periodic functions; chemical bonds; oxidation numbers; nomenclature; the mole; types of reactions; writing and balancing reactions; stoichiometry; gas laws and the mole; solids, liquids; plasma; state changes; water and its reactions; concentration; colligative properties; colloids; suspensions; thermodynamics, kinetics, and their mechanisms; reversible and irreversible reactions; equilibrium; acids, bases, and salts; neutralization; oxidation-reduction reactions and balancing them; electrochemical reactions; natural radioactivity; induced reactions; and fusion and fission. 

This course lays the foundation for college General Chemistry. Students who have taken Chemistry have done very well in college General Chemistry often sitting at the top of their class. Some students may be able to test out of General Chemistry in college.     

Textbook: Basic Chemistry by BJU Press

Microbiology (12th Grade):   Microbiology is a college level, senior science class.  The purpose for this class is three-fold: 1. To enable students with poor math skills to complete three years of high school science.     2. To give the students a little glimpse of the intensity of college work. 3. To complete the student’s lab skills.  

The student will complete this course with a practical knowledge of the following: 1. Bacterial classification and morphology 2. Uses of bacteria, controlling bacteria 3. Bacterial reproduction, growth and disease 4. Viruses 5. Viral reproduction and disease 6. Infectious disease and Communicable disease including how pathogens cause disease, how diseases are spread, and defense against disease 7. Medical and natural ways to control disease 8. Diseases caused by protozoans, algae, fungus and fungus-like protists. 

Lab procedures and experiments learned and completed: 1. Hand washing techniques: for all ages. 2. Microscope use: electronic and computer 3. Sterile technique 4. How to use an incubator 5. Inoculating agar plates 6. Simple stain, gram stain and protist stain techniques 7. How to collect microscopic specimens 8. Identification of stained microorganisms 9. Interpretation of antibiotic sensitivity studies.

The students are graded on their lab notebooks, lab skills, analysis of lab data and their research projects. Their final project is a Power Point presentation.   

Textbook: Where the Germs Are; A scientific Guide to the Microbes You’ll Meet in Everyday Life by Nicholas Bakalar

Physics (12th Grade): Being a one semester course, the emphasis is on learning how to problem solve and work with formulas. This is accomplished with a largely mathematical approach to the following topics: Velocity, Acceleration, Momentum, Vectors, Equilibrium, Friction, Motion Graphs, Newton’s Three Laws of Motion, Kepler’s Laws of Motion and Universal Gravitation, Potential and Kinetic Energy, Electricity, Simple Machines and Efficiency, Elevator Problems, Beam Problems, Sliding Block Problems, Center of Gravity, Pascal’s Principle, Archimedes’ Principle, Snell’s Law, and Tensile Strength.

This course lays the foundation for college physics. Whereas not every subject is covered in this one semester course, it lays a solid foundation of problem solving, formula proficiency, and mathematical skills.

Textbook: Physics by Saxon Publishers


English (9th Grade)

Language Arts covers a review of capitalization, punctuation, subject/verb agreement, nouns, verbs, and pronouns. Essays are assigned throughout the year. Spelling and vocabulary are assigned each week.  Literature focuses on the following fundamentals of the subject:  types of conflict, types of characters, theme, the structure of poetry including meter, verse forms, stanza forms, and shape poetry.  Another unit discusses the point of view from which a story is written.  The final unit is a study of Cyrano de Bergerac.  Great Expectations is a separate class study during the year.

Outside reading projects are assigned throughout the year as well.  

Textbooks: Fundamentals of Literature by BJU Press; Grammar and Composition III and Vocabulary, Spelling, and Poetry III by A Beka Book

English (10th Grade)

Language Arts covers a review of adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections as well as proper usage and diction.  Essays are assigned throughout the year. Spelling and/or vocabulary are assigned each week. Composition units include proper paragraph construction, exposition, using the library and writing a research paper (a yearly research paper is assigned), outlining, improving writing style, writing book reviews, writing precis, and writing a character sketch and type sketch. Literature focuses on the use of metaphors, onomatpoeia, allusion, symbol, and biography. The final unit is a study of Romeo and Juliet. A Tale of Two Cities is a separate class study during the year.

Textbooks: Elements of Literature by BJU Press; Grammar and Composition IV and Vocabulary, Spelling, and Poetry IV by A Beka Books

English (11th Grade) 

Students briefly review grammar and spelling/vocabulary and are assigned writing topics throughout the year.

American Literature is studied. The text follows the chronological  periods of American history beginning with the emphasis on God’s guidance in the founding of the colonies through modern writings. Special biographical information about the authors introduces each section. The units discussed include Literature of Settlement, Religious Experience, and Revolution; Knickerbockers; New England writers; Transcendentalists; Regionalists; Realists; Naturalists; Anti-Naturalists; and Modern Poetry and Prose.  The Scarlet Letter is a class study.

Outside reading projects are assigned throughout the year.  

Textbooks: American Literature by BJU Press; Handbook of Grammar and Composition and Spelling/Vocabulary V  by A Beka Book 

English (12th Grade) 

Students briefly review grammar and are assigned bi-weekly vocabulary lessons. Composition units include reviewing proper paragraph construction, writing theme, extended outline, narrative, poetry, extended definition, essay, description, character sketch, vocation project, book reviews, and extemporaneous writing.  A yearly research paper is assigned. British Literature is studied.  The following periods of British literature are studied: Old English, Middle English, Tudor, Stuart, Neoclassical, Romantic, Victorian, and Modern.

Textbook:  British Literature by BJU Press; Handbook of Grammar and Composition and Vocabulary VI by A Beka Books 


World History (9th Grade): This course explores the geography, history government, economics, religion, and culture of the world’s major civilizations. 

These studies are approached from a chronological approach. Careful attention is also given to the civilizations’ acceptance or the rejection of the one true God and the blessings or consequences for these actions.

Textbook: World History for Christian Schools BJU Press

US History I (10th Grade): This course covers settlement of North America through Reconstruction.  The first unit includes a study of wilderness settlement, colonial life, and religion in the colonies.  The second unit includes studies of the French and Indian War, the War for Independence, the Constitutional Period, and the Federalist Years.  The third unit includes studies of the Jeffersonian Era, the Age of Jackson, and Growth in American Society. Unit four is a study of Manifest Destiny, and the fifth unit includes studies of sectional differences, the Civil War, and Reconstruction.  Special segments focus on perspectives of the Eastern Indians and perspectives on early photography in America.  

A timeline of American history from exploration through Reconstruction is a required project, and students participate in the biannual history fair. 

Field trips include alternating yearly trips to Philadelphia and Gettysburg. 

Textbook: United States History by BJU Press

US History II (11th Grade): United States History II covers the industrial “Gilded Age” through the end of the twentieth century.  The first unit includes studies of American industrialism, expansion of the West, the Progressive Era, and World War I.  The second unit includes studies of the Twenties, the Thirties, and World War II.  The third unit includes studies of Postwar America from 1945-1963, the “Shattered Society” from 1963-1973, the “Nation Adrift” years from 1973-1980, the Resurgence of the 1980s, and “New Challenges” of the 1990s leading into the twenty-first century.  Special segments focus on perspectives on the Old West and perspectives on the Space Race.  

A timeline of American history from the industrial period through the present is a required project, and students participate in the biannual history fair.  

Field trips include trips to the Vanderbilt Mansion and the FDR home and library in Hyde Park, New York and a possible trip to the USS New Jersey in Camden.  

Textbook: United States History by BJU Press

US Government (12th Grade): This is a one semester course which covers not only the basics of the three branches of government but also the biblical and historical foundations on which our nation was founded.  The first unit discusses the biblical pattern for government as established by God, the Christian beginnings in America, and the meaning of democracy with a special emphasis on the documents of democracy.  The second unit includes a history of the Constitutional Convention, the Constitution as the cornerstone of our government, and civil rights and responsibilities.  The third unit focuses on the party system, campaigns and elections, and the pressures of politics.  The fourth unit discusses the Congress, the Presidency, the Bureaucracy, the Judiciary, Federalism, and Foreign Policy.  

Students are required to write a research paper and participate in the biannual history/government fair.  

Textbook: American Government by BJU Press        


Bible (9th and 10th Grade)

Proverbs (1st year): Proverbs teaches that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.  This study will confront your child with the true meaning of wisdom and shows how they can live by God’s wisdom in every area of life.  

The curriculum used is Positive Action and the KJV Bible.

Life of Christ (2nd year): Each child will take a journey through the Gospel of John and develop a deeper knowledge of Christ, as well as a deeper relationship with Him.  Through The Life of Christ they will learn about Jesus in the context of the culture and land of His time.  

The curriculum used is Positive Action and the KJV Bible.

Your child will learn verses from the KJV Bible that will enable them to apply these truths to their every day courses in life.

Bible Doctrines I and II (11th and 12th Grade)

1st year: Doctrine of God: Importance of our Relationship with God, Essence and Attributes of God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit

Textbook: Behold Your God by Postive Action for Christ

2nd Year: Bibliology (Word of God), Anthropology (Man), Hamartiology (Sin), and Soteriology (Salvation)

Students are encouraged to develop a daily walk with the Lord, and this is incorporated into the homework assignments each week. Students will be required over the two years to read through the majority of the Bible and to pray on a regular basis.

This class prepares the student for life as they learn to grow and mature in their walk with the Lord. An emphasis is placed on personal holiness with an awareness of man’s utter depravity and tendency toward sin. This requires keeping our heart with all diligence (Proverbs 4:23)

Bible Quiz (9th-12th Grade):  


Spanish I (10th Grade): This course is an introductory approach to the Spanish language through a study of vocabulary and grammar. Vocabulary includes greetings, school, clothing items, members of the family, household items, creation terms, and vacation terms. Grammar concentrates on pronunciation, word formation, verse memorization, present tense verbs, adjective formation, and command forms. 

Students are enriched through conversation, reading, interviews, reports, and oral translation.

Textbook: Por Todo el Mundo  by ABeka Books

Spanish II (11th Grade): This course is a review and continued study of the Spanish language. Vocabulary encompasses city life, communication, clothing and jewelry, personal hygiene and getting ready, postures and bodily movements, adjectives of comparison, verbs of becoming, cooking and money and finances. Grammar covers the past, future, and imperfect tenses. 

Students continue verse memorization including the Romans Road in Spanish. 

Enrichment is continued through readings, reports, and translation work.

Textbook: Mas que Vencedores by ABeka Books


These classes are presented to meet the New Jersey state requirements that all high school students attend a Health class each year of high school. Each class meets for one marking period.

9th Grade Health covers CPR. Students put together a notebook showing their growth and development, and they project their future characteristics etc.

10th  Grade Health covers  communicable diseases and how to prevent and treat those diseases. Students do a PowerPoint presentation on a communicable disease. 

11th  Grade Health covers responding to medical emergencies at home, in school, and on the job. In addition,  how to take care of an injured/ill person at home is discussed. Students put together a notebook  demonstrating the care of an injured person.

12th  Grade  Health covers how to take care of yourself when sick and/or injured at college including prevention, things to try first, when to see a doctor, and what you need to know about insurance. Students put together a first aid kit especially designed for them and their medical needs. 


Speech (12th Grade): This is a one semester course which covers the essentials of good speaking skills in the modern world, how to prepare, craft, and deliver a speech, various types of speeches by category, and how to be a good listener.  Chapter studies include “Speechmaking in the Age of Diversity,” “Getting Started,” “Critical Listening,” “Understanding Your Audience,” “Speeches to Inform,” “Beginning and Ending Your Speech,” “Wording Your Speech,” “Delivering Your Speech,” and “Speeches to Persuade.”  
Students are required to prepare, craft, and deliver eight speeches during the semester.  
Speaking assignments include an expressive/dramatic reading to elementary students and a demonstration. 
Textbook: Principles of Public Speaking


Art (9th-12th Grade):  

Choir (9th-12th Grade): Jr. and Sr. High choir focuses on singing in parts (SATB), learning how to blend with other voices, and using the voices that God has given man to praise Him.  Students sing a variety of warm-up exercises, tonal recognition, and various types of choral work including sacred songs, folk songs, and classical pieces.  Students sing both with piano accompaniment and acapella singing.  Students have the opportunity to join large choral works, large ensembles 6 – 12 people, small ensembles 2 – 6, and solos. 

The choir gives 2 concerts per year at Christmas (a cantata) and in May.  

Students also participate in the GSACS Senior and Junior High music festivals.   

Band (9th-12th Grade): Band is a continuation of prior learning.  Students keep learning fingerings, counting, scales, rhythmic exercises, etc.  The main objective is to learn a variety of styles of band music: marches, overtures, pieces written for band, and transcriptions from orchestral works.  

The band gives 2 concerts per year at Christmas and in May.  Students also participate in the GSACS music festival in May.

Home Economics (9th-12th Grade):

Chess Club (9th-12th Grade):