©2018 by Parsippany Christian School.

MIDDLE SCHOOL

MATH

Math (6th Grade): This course reviews earlier work with numbers; the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, powers, and roots; as well as fractions, decimals, percents, and estimates.  Direct and indirect measurement, along with US customary and metric units, is also taught.  Geometric topics include terms, lines, angles, polygons, triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, solids, areas, volumes, and coordinate geometry.  Algebraic topics include patterns, terms and sequences, integers, variables, simple equations, formulas, and properties.  Word problems include money problems, discounts, gratuities, taxes, and interest.  Statistics and data analysis are stressed, as is probability.  Investigations on such topics as data representation, fractions, measuring and drawing angles, data collection, displaying data, geometric solids, scale drawings and models, and Platonic solids are also included.

Textbook: Saxon MS Math Course 1 (c2012)


Math (7th Grade): This course continues to build skills in mathematics and to prepare the student for the study of algebra.   The course reviews earlier work with numeration; operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, powers, and roots; fractions; decimals and percents; estimation; and number theory.  Measurement with U.S. customary units as well as metric units, temperature on 3 scales, and time is also taught.  Geometric concepts include basic terms; lines; angles; polygons; triangles; quadrilaterals; circles and solids.  Problems involving perimeter, area, and volume are also covered.  Algebraic concepts including patterns, sequences, integers, variables, factoring, solving simple equations and inequalities; functions; and properties are also covered.  Statistics, data analysis, probability; problem solving, and mathematical reasoning are also covered.  

Textbook: Saxon MS Math Course 2 (c2012)


Algebra 1/2 (8th Grade): This course focuses on introductory algebra topics and facilitates the transition from concrete concepts of arithmetic to abstract concepts of algebra.  The course reviews the sets of whole numbers and their operations; fractions and decimal numbers and their operations, real numbers and their operations, Roman numerals, as well as graphing data and using English or metric units of measure.  Graphing in the coordinate plane, ratio, proportion, percent problems, exponents and roots; probability and statistics, as well as simplifying expressions and simplifying and solving equations are also taught.  Applications such as simple and compound interest, markup and markdown, and commission and profit are also taught.  Geometric topics include various angles and measurements, polygons, circles, triangles, geometric solids, perimeter and circumference; and areas of various shapes.  If the book is completed early, ten additional topics, such as geometric constructions, data representation, base 2 numbers, roots, polynomials, transformation geometry; slope, and basic trigonometry, are available.  

Textbook: Saxon Algebra 1/2, Third ed., (c2004)

SCIENCE

Sixth Grade Science:   This is a general science course. The book introduces the student to new concepts in both Earth Science and Life Sciences. Topics covered under Earth Science are: earthquakes, volcanoes, atoms and molecules, electricity, magnetism, motion and machines. The students complete a project on the stars and solar system. Topics covered under Life Science are: cells and classification, animal and plant classification, plant and animal reproduction, introduction to heredity and genetics, the Nervous System and the Immune System.  Lab classes are structured to enhance the concepts learned and add to the skills learned the previous year. Again, math and writing skills are used to analyze and document work. 

There are three to four labs per chapter. Students are tested on terms, concepts, being able to use the terms and being able to apply concepts both during class work and lab work. 

Textbook: 6th Science by BJU Press


Life Science (7th Grade): This is a pre-biology book. It’s purpose is to give the knowledge and skills needed for high school Biology. Therefore, the teacher’s goals are to enable the student to become an independent learner with the skills and confidence to not only be motivated to find the answer but enjoy the quest. The concepts studied are: Biblical Creationism, cell structure and activities, cell division, genetics, heredity, introduction to Microbiology, plant structure and processes, invertebrates, vertebrates, animal behavior, man’s role in the ecosystem, structure and function of the human body; support and movement, internal balance, energy, and control.  

Laboratory classes start to become more involved. Many labs require two to three days of work.  Each lab is  preceded by a pre-lab lecture and a post-lab discussion. The student also learns how to dissect. The animals dissected are: worm, starfish and frog.    Students are tested on terms and concepts.  Four labs a year are a test grade.

Textbook: Life Science, Third Edition by BJU Press 


Earth and Space science (8th Grade): This course is a thorough presentation of the universe our God has Created for us.  It requires more reading than previous science classes and student contribution is more time consuming. The topics covered are: the Christian Worldview and Science, glory of the stars, sun, and planets, etc. space exploration, the Atmosphere (meteorology, weather prediction), the Lithosphere (geology, minerals, rocks and fossils, mountains, earthquakes, volcanoes, weathering) and the Hydrosphere (oceans, seas, glaciers and groundwater systems). 

This class has  three to four labs per chapter.  Math is now totally integrated into this course.  The students work in groups for many of the labs. Students are tested on terms, concepts, reasoning and understanding of lab results.   

Textbook: Space and Earth Science by BJU Press

ENGLISH

Reading (6th Grade):   


English (6th Grade): Grammar covers sentence stucture, use of capitalization, commas, subject verb agrement, diagraming, colons, using quotations correctly, how to work with paragraphs, a student reseach paper, nouns (proper and common), verbs that show state of being, using troublesome verbs, pronouns and their uses, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjuntions, and interjections.

In addition to the grammar, the students works on a number of creative assignments throughout the school year. For example, the student will create his or her own poem book.  

Textbook: God’s Gift of Language C by A Beka Books


Reading (7th Grade): Literature covers six units with a new theme for each unit.  Each unit includes writing assignments and literary terms and concepts. In the unit Generosity, writing assignments include the Cinquain poem as well as a character description. The Literary Terms and Concepts unit includes autobiographies and memoirs. The Basis of Literary  unit includes rise and fall actions, plot elements, plot twists, point of view, figurative language, theme, and setting. The student is introduced to literary devices such as personification, prose, metaphors and flashback.  

During the year, the student will be working on five book reports which can range from a wrtten report to an oral presentation.  The student will also have several group projects. 

Textbook: Exploration in Literature by BJU Press  


English (7th Grade): Grammar covers parts of speech such as nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, sentence structure, and sentence patterns. In addition, students are introduced to dependent clauses, sentence types, clause structure, and sentence errors. 

Students will also work on mechanics in capitalization, punctuation, spelling, usage of subject and verb agreement, pronoun antecedent agreement, and troublesome words. 

Students will develop writing skills that cover the writing process such as planning, drafting, revising, and proofreading. They will also perform writing projects in biograhical sketches, in-class essays, drama scenes, letters to the editor, and found poems. 

Also each year, students review the basic study and reference rules.

Vocabulary, spelling, and poetry gives the student twenty troublesome spelling words and seven new vocabulary words each week. 

There are six poems to memorize throughout the year.  

Textbook: Writing and Grammar and Vocabulary/Spelling and Poetry I by A Beka Books


Reading (8th Grade): Literature has six units that focus on the important areas of decision-making and on interpersonal relationships. Each story is set up in the following order: Introduction of the Story, Analysis (questions about the story), an Application section which allows the student to draw conclusions about the reading, and Activity worksheets which are used to help understand the concepts being taught in the story. 

The class is also required to keep a journal that is used in class.  

There are six unit tests, five book reports, and two group projects.  

Textbook: Excursion in Literature by BJU Press


English (8th Grade): Grammar covers an overview of parts of speech. As well, students will learn the following new material: pronoun-relative, verb-progressive tense, passive voice, correlative conjunctions, participles, infinitives, gerunds, verbal phrases with modifiers and how they function as different parts of speech. Students will review sentence structure, dependent clauses (such as adjectivial and adverbial clauses), mechanics usage, and review of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. 

Writing skills are reinforced. New material is covered such as writing an essay, thesis statement, outline, and introduction and conclusion paragraph. Writing projects include a travel brochure, news story, autobiography, debate, and advertisement. 

The year ends with a review of  study and reference skills plus dictionary work.

Vocabulary/spelling and poetry gives the student twenty new spelling words a week along with ten new vocabulary words. The student is also expect to memorize six poems throughtout the year.   

Textbook: Writing and Grammar and Vocabulary/Spelling and Poetry II by A Beka Books

HISTORY

World Studies I (6th Grade): This class covers 12 ancient civilizations.  They are: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, India, China, Greece, Rome, Mayan, African, Japan, Byzantium, and the Middle Ages.  


World Studies II (7th Grade): This course covers four periods of world cultural history. The first unit (1100-1650) includes Medieval Revival of Towns, The Renaissance, The Reformation, The Mongol Empire, and Traditions of Africa.  The second unit (1400-1800) includes The Age of Exploration, Development of Latin America, Division of North America, The Era of Absolutism, and Settlement of Australia and Oceania.  The third unit (1800-1900) includes European Industrialism, Raj India, China and the West, and Colonial Africa.  The fourth unit ( 1900-Present) includes Twentieth Century Political Order in Europe, Communism in Russia, Divisions of Modern Asia, Realignment in the Middle East, Modern Africa, and Modern Latin America.  Special segments include Major Religions of the World, Fulfilling the Great Commission, Twentieth Century Music and Art, and Canada.  

A timeline of major events of one of the cultures is a required project, and students participate in the biannual history fair. 

A possible field trip to Medieval Times or the Renaissance Fair in Tuxedo, New York is planned. 

Textbook: World Studies by BJU Press.


Geography (8th Grade): This course covers both the physical and cultural aspects of the subject.  After learning what geography is, students learn how to read grids using latitude and longitude coordinates, and how to read projections and relief maps.  Before beginning a comprehensive study of each world region, the class studies the basics of societal differences between the hemispheres.  World regions are studied in the following units:  Europe, North America, Middle America and South America, Africa, The Middle East and Central Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Oceania, and Antarctica.  

A country notebook which is compiled throughout the year is a required project, and students participate in a group presentation and in the biannual history/geography fair.  

Textbook: Cultural Geography by BJU Press

BIBLE

Bible (6th-8th Grade): The class rotates on a three year basis.

1st Year: Life of Christ

2nd Year: Practical Christian Living

3rd year: A Survey of the Bible


The Life of Christ is a chronological study of His life and teachings.  Emphasis  is placed on the principle that Jesus is God and is the example of how God wants man to live and think.

Practical Christian Living looks at some basic doctrines such as salvation and sanctification and their application to everyday life in our modern society.  Practical application portions of Scripture, such as Romans 12, are also studied.

A Survey of the Bible takes a quick look at each of the 66 books of the Bible.  The main theme of each book is discussed along with discussion and application of the “famous” passages in each book.

Each year the students are taught the fundamental truths of the topic.  Memorization of different portions of Scripture is emphasized.  Students are challenged to change their thinking to Biblically based thinking  by the “renewing of their minds” (Romans 12:2).

This class gives each student a good foundation of Biblical understanding to begin to formulate their own Biblically based beliefs and convictions as they head toward the teen years.

FINE ARTS

Art (6th-8th Grade):  
Choir (6th-8th Grade): Jr. and Sr. High choir focuses on singing in parts (SATB), learning how to blend with other voices, and using the voices that God has given man to praise Him.  Students sing a variety of warm-up exercises, tonal recognition, and various types of choral work including sacred songs, folk songs, and classical pieces.  Students sing both with piano accompaniment and acapella singing.  Students have the opportunity to join large choral works, large ensembles 6 – 12 people, small ensembles 2 – 6, and solos. 
The choir gives 2 concerts per year at Christmas (a cantata) and in May.  
Students also participate in the GSACS Senior and Junior High music festivals.   
Band (6th-8th Grade): Band is a continuation of prior learning.  Students keep learning fingerings, counting, scales, rhythmic exercises, etc.  The main objective is to learn a variety of styles of band music: marches, overtures, pieces written for band, and transcriptions from orchestral works.  
The band gives 2 concerts per year at Christmas and in May.  Students also participate in the GSACS music festival in May.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Girls:   
Boys:

TECHNOLOGY

Keyboarding (7th and 8th Grade): Using TurboTyping, the students are taught to memorize the keyboard  in order to type all of the letters, numbers, as well as key punctuation. 

This skill is highly important in today’s technological society and important to learn at an early age so that this skill can be developed as student’s work on research papers and other projects throughout their high school years.